Articles and Research
Targeting the Right Participants for Adult Drug Courts, Part One of a Two-Part Series, Douglas B. Marlowe, J.D., Ph.D., NDCI Drug Court Practitioner Factsheet, Vol. Vii, No. 1 (2012).
A substantial body of research now indicates offenders who are (1) substance dependent and (2) at risk of failing in less intensive rehabilitation programs are most in need of drug courts. Drug courts that focus their efforts on these individuals reduce crime and return cost benefits at greater rates. This article examines the need to and the strategies for identifying target populations and designing services around those populations, including such considerations as high prognostic risk, high criminogenic need, assessment, suitability determinations, and alternative drug court tracks.
Alternative Tracks in Adult Drug Courts: Matching Your Program to the Needs of Your Clients, Part Two of a Two-Part Series, Douglas B. Marlowe, J.D., Ph.D., NDCI Drug Court Practitioner Factsheet, Vol. Vii, No. 2 (2012).
It may not always be possible or desirable for a drug court to target high-risk and high-need participants exclusively. If low-risk or non-addicted individuals are ineligible for drug court, they may have no other option but to face prosecution, and possibly incarceration, without an opportunity to be diverted into an effective rehabilitative disposition. This document describes a conceptual framework and evidence-based practice recommendations for designing alternative tracks within a drug court to serve different types of adult participants. Considerations include the risk and need principles; risk and need matrix; high risk and high need; low risk and high need; high risk and low need; low risk and low need; adjusting tracks; and drug testing, and other surveillance.?
Research Update on Adult Drug Courts, Douglas B. Marlowe, J.D., Ph.D. (2010).
This small summary provides a review of the research currently conducted on adult drug courts, including their effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, target population, fidelity to the ten key components, and recommendations.
The Treatment of Persons with Mental Illness in Prisons and Jails: A State Survey (Abridged), Treatment Advocacy Center (2014).
This national study surveys treatment practices within jails and prisons. It focuses on the problem of treatment of seriously mentally ill individuals who refuse treatment, usually because they lack awareness of their own illness and do not think they are sick. What are the treatment practices for these individuals in prisons and jails in each state? What are the consequences is such individuals are not treated?
Reentry Drug Courts, Judge Jeff Tauber and C. West Huddleston, NDCI Monograph Series 3 (1999).
This monograph explores the benefits of the two types of reentry drug courts identified by focus groups: jail-based reentry drug courts and prison-based reentry drug courts.
DWI Drug Courts: Defining a National Strategy, Judge Karen Freeman-Wilson and C. West Huddleston, NDCI Monograph Series 1 (1999).
Stiff criminal penalties, a massive public awareness campaign, and other initiatives spanning nearly two decades have had an impact on drunk driving. Unfortunately, the impact of these initiatives has been disproportionately limited to social drinkers. Problem drinkers, i.e., serious, habitual abusers of alcohol, continue to kill people on the highways. This monograph examines the history behind expanding the drug court model to include DUI, distinctions that will need to be made, and the need for a national strategy.
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