Tribal Healing to Wellness Court participants are monitored through intensive supervision that includes frequent and random testing for alcohol and drug use, while participants and their families benefit from effective team-based case management.
- Tribal Key Component # 5
National Association of Drug Court Professionals (NADCP) Drug Court Standards: Standard VII. Drug and Alcohol Testing
Features helpful commentary on drug testing best practices, including on frequent testing, random testing, duration of testing, breadth of testing, witnessed collection, valid specimens, accurate and reliable testing procedures, rapid results, and participant contracts.
See the NADCP Drug Court Standards in their entirety here.
The Fundamentals of Drug Testing, Paul Cary, The Drug Court Judicial Benchbook, National Drug Court Institute, Chapter 6 (Douglas B. Marlowe and Hon. William G. Meyer, eds., 2011)
Chapter 6 -- The Fundamentals of Drug Testing
II. Drug Testing Rationale
III. Specificity in the Client Contract
IV. Specimen Options
V. Sample Collection Issues
VI. Selecting the Drugs to be Tested
VII. Testing Methods
VIII. Result Interpretation
IX. Urine Drug Levels
X. Drug Detection Times
XI. Specimen Tampering
XII. Client Excuses
XIII. Alcohol Abstinence Monitoring ETG and ETS
See the NDCJ Judicial Benchbook in its entirety here.
A Technical Assistance Guide for Drug Court Judges on Drug Court Treatment Services, Caroline S. Cooper, BJA Drug Court Technical Assistance Project School of Public Affairs, American University (2014).
V.D. Drug Testing in a Drug Court Environment (page 41-48)
Drug Testing in a Drug Court Environment: Common Issues to Address, Jerome J. Robinson and James W. Jones, Drug Courts Resource Series, Drug Court Clearinghouse and Technical Assistance Project, American University (2000).
This issues paper has been prepared by the OJP Drug Court Clearinghouse and Technical Assistance Project to address the most frequent issues that have been raised by drug court programs regarding drug testing. Although this report is by no means a definitive treatment of all of these issues, it is intended to provide an overview for drug court program officials—primarily lay persons—regarding the most critical topics that need to be addressed in developing and maintaining a drug testing capability.
Urine Drug Concentrations: The Scientific Rationale for Eliminating the Use of Drug Test Levels in Drug Court Proceedings, Paul Cary, M.S., NDCI Drug Court Practitioner Factsheet, Vol. IV, No. 1 (2004).
The interpretation of urine drug levels is highly complex and provides only limited information regarding a participant's drug use. Therefore, this factsheet aims to provide scientifically-based justification for discontinuing the interpretation of urine drug levels in order to protect client rights and ensure the evidentiary standards are maintained.
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